%0 Generic
%T Common Practices in Setting Expenditure Ceilings within National Budgets
%A Dorotinsky, William
%A Watkins, Joanna
%K ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS
%K ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
%K AGGREGATE CEILING
%K AGGREGATE CEILINGS
%K AGGREGATE REVENUE
%K AGGREGATE SPENDING
%K AGGREGATE SPENDING LIMIT
%K ALLOCATION
%K ALLOCATION OF FUNDS
%K ANALYSIS OF CURRENT OPERATING COSTS
%K ANNUAL BUDGET
%K ANNUAL BUDGET CALL CIRCULAR
%K ANNUAL BUDGET CYCLE
%K ANNUAL BUDGET PREPARATION
%K ANNUAL BUDGET PROCESS
%K ANNUAL BUDGETING
%K ANNUAL BUDGETS
%K APPROPRIATION
%K APPROPRIATIONS
%K BUDGET
%K BUDGET ACCOUNTS
%K BUDGET AGGREGATES
%K BUDGET ALLOCATION
%K BUDGET AUTHORITY
%K BUDGET BILL
%K BUDGET CHOICES
%K BUDGET CONSTRAINT
%K BUDGET CYCLE
%K BUDGET DECISION
%K BUDGET DECISIONS
%K BUDGET DEFICIT
%K BUDGET DEPARTMENT
%K BUDGET DEVELOPMENT
%K BUDGET DOCUMENTS
%K BUDGET ENFORCEMENT
%K BUDGET ENVELOPE
%K BUDGET ESTIMATES
%K BUDGET EXPENDITURE
%K BUDGET FORMULATION
%K BUDGET FORMULATION PROCESS
%K BUDGET FRAMEWORK
%K BUDGET PASSAGE
%K BUDGET PLANNING
%K BUDGET POLICIES
%K BUDGET POLICY
%K BUDGET PREPARATION
%K BUDGET PROCESS
%K BUDGET PROPOSALS
%K BUDGET REQUEST
%K BUDGET REQUESTS
%K BUDGET RULES
%K BUDGET STRATEGY
%K BUDGET STRUCTURE
%K BUDGET SUBMISSIONS
%K BUDGET YEAR
%K BUDGETARY RESOURCES
%K BUDGETING PROCESS
%K BUDGETS
%K CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS
%K CAPITAL PROJECTS
%K CENTRAL BANK
%K CENTRAL BUDGET
%K CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
%K CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SPENDING
%K COST ESTIMATES
%K COST OF EXPANSION OF PROJECTS
%K DEBT
%K DEBT MANAGEMENT
%K DEBT PROJECTIONS
%K DEBT SERVICE
%K DECISION- MAKING
%K DECISION- MAKING PROCESS
%K DEFICIT
%K DEFICIT POLICY
%K DISCRETIONARY APPROPRIATIONS
%K EARLY RETIREMENTS
%K ECONOMIC FORECASTS
%K ECONOMIC GROWTH
%K ECONOMIC STABILITY
%K EFFICIENCY GAINS
%K ENTITLEMENT SPENDING
%K ENTITLEMENTS
%K EXPENDITURE
%K EXPENDITURE CATEGORIES
%K EXPENDITURE CEILING
%K EXPENDITURE CEILINGS
%K EXPENDITURE ENVELOPE
%K EXPENDITURE FORECAST
%K EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK
%K EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT
%K EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
%K EXPENDITURE POLICY
%K EXPENDITURES
%K FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
%K FISCAL AFFAIRS
%K FISCAL CONDITIONS
%K FISCAL DISCIPLINE
%K FISCAL FLEXIBILITY
%K FISCAL FORECASTS
%K FISCAL FRAMEWORK
%K FISCAL MANAGEMENT
%K FISCAL POLICY
%K FISCAL PROJECTIONS
%K FISCAL RISKS
%K FISCAL RULES
%K FISCAL STANCE
%K FISCAL TRANSPARENCY
%K FISCAL YEAR
%K FORWARD ESTIMATES
%K GOVERNMENT DEBT
%K GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE
%K GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES
%K GOVERNMENT REVENUE
%K GOVERNMENT SPENDING
%K GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
%K HARD BUDGET CONSTRAINT
%K IMPACT OF INFLATION
%K INDICATIVE SECTORAL LIMITS
%K INFLATION
%K INTEREST PAYMENTS
%K INVESTMENT EXPENDITURE
%K INVESTMENT EXPENDITURES
%K MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES
%K MANDATORY SPENDING
%K MANDATORY” SPENDING
%K MARGINAL COST
%K MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE
%K MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK
%K MEDIUM- TERM FRAMEWORK
%K MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE
%K MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK
%K MINISTERIAL CEILINGS
%K MINISTRY BUDGETS
%K MINISTRY CEILINGS
%K MINISTRY OF FINANCE
%K MONETARY POLICY
%K NATIONAL BUDGET
%K NATIONAL BUDGETS
%K NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
%K NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
%K NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
%K OUTCOMES
%K OVERHEAD COSTS
%K PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
%K PERFORMANCE INDICATOR
%K PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
%K PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
%K POLICY DECISIONS
%K POLITICIANS
%K POVERTY REDUCTION
%K POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
%K PRICE INDEX
%K PRIVATE SECTOR
%K PROGRAM ANALYSIS
%K PROGRAM BUDGETING
%K PROGRAM PRIORITIES
%K PROGRAMS
%K PUBLIC DEBT
%K PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
%K PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT
%K PUBLIC FINANCE
%K PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
%K PUBLIC FORECASTS
%K PUBLIC RESOURCES
%K PUBLIC REVENUES
%K PUBLIC SECTOR
%K REFORM PRIORITIES
%K RESOURCE ALLOCATION
%K RESOURCE ALLOCATION DECISIONS
%K RESOURCE CEILING
%K RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
%K REVENUE ESTIMATES
%K REVENUE FORECAST
%K REVENUE PROJECTIONS
%K REVENUES
%K RUNNING COSTS
%K SECTOR CEILING
%K SECTOR CEILING ALLOCATIONS
%K SECTOR CEILINGS
%K SECTORAL CEILINGS
%K SECTORAL LIMITS
%K SERVICE CHARGES
%K SERVICES
%K SOCIAL BENEFITS
%K SOCIAL INSURANCE
%K STRATEGIC ALLOCATION
%K STRATEGIC CHOICES
%K STRATEGIC POLICY
%K STRUCTURAL REFORM
%K SUPPLEMENTAL BUDGETS
%K TAXES
%K TOTAL EXPENDITURE
%K TRANSFER PAYMENTS
%K TRANSPARENCY
%K TYPES OF EXPENDITURES
%K UNCERTAINTY
%D 2013
%X Developing a national budget has always entailed a complex set of negotiations between national Government priorities, line ministry priorities, and a national funding envelope. This note explains how to introduce a medium term horizon into a government’s budgeting process, including the key steps involved. It provides guidance on setting aggregate and line ministry ceilings, reviewing experiences from countries with extensive experience of ceilings (for example, Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Brazil, Australia, and Canada, among others), as well as those that have more recently adopted them. There is no one right way to set expenditure ceilings. Countries tailor expenditure ceilings to meet their specific needs, budget challenges, and capacity constraints. This note presents an iterative approach - starting from annual ceilings and gradually moving toward a medium-term expenditure framework - allowing for procedural, institutional, and organizational learning and adaptation along the way
%C World Bank, Washington, DC
%U http://slubdd.de/katalog?TN_libero_mab2
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