• Media type: E-Article
  • Title: Schlag auf Schlag –Bericht über feuerwerksbedingte Knalltraumata zum Jahreswechsel 2021/2022 Thunder and lightning—a report on firework-associated acoustic trauma at New Year 2021/2022
  • Contributor: Flockerzi, Veronika; Schick, Bernhard; Ilgner, Justus; Hesse, Gerhard; Jecker, Peter; Eichwald, Herbert; Dommerich, Steffen; Gerstner, Andreas O. H.; Hoppe, Stephanie; Ebmeyer, Jörg; Thomas, Jan Peter; Papst, Friedemann; Hornung, Joachim; Lang, Stephan; Knopf, Andreas; Dost, Philipp; Arens, Christoph; Wrobel, Christian; Langer, Jörg; Münscher, Adrian; Lenarz, Thomas; Cem Bulut, Olcay; Hein, Matti; Inhestern, Johanna; [...]
  • Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2023
  • Published in: HNO
  • Extent: 44-49
  • Language: English
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00106-022-01260-z
  • ISSN: 0017-6192; 1433-0458
  • Keywords: Otorhinolaryngology
  • Abstract: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec> <jats:title>Background</jats:title> <jats:p>This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the frequency and type of firework-associated acoustic trauma occurring in Germany on New Year’s Eve 2021, despite the ban on firework sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Materials and methods</jats:title> <jats:p>The survey period lasted 7 days, from 28 December 2021 to 03 January 2022. A questionnaire inquired date, type and treatment of trauma, sex, and age of the patient, and whether the trauma occurred when lighting or watching fireworks. Hearing impairment was classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO grades 0 to 4), and concomitant tinnitus, vertigo, or other injuries were recorded. The questionnaire was sent to the otorhinolaryngology departments of 171 hospitals in Germany.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Results</jats:title> <jats:p>Of 37 otorhinolaryngology departments, 16 reported no and 21 reported 50 patients with firework-associated acoustic trauma. Mean age was 29 ± 16 years and 41 of 50 patients were males. Of these 50 patients, 22 presented without and 28 with hearing loss, 32 reported tinnitus and 3 vertigo; 20 patients were injured when lighting fireworks and 30 when watching. Hearing impairment was classified as 14 × WHO grade 0, 5 × WHO grade 1, 4 × WHO grade 2, 2 × WHO grade 3, and 3 × WHO grade 4. Inpatient treatment was received by 8 patients and 11 suffered from concomitant burn injuries.</jats:p> </jats:sec><jats:sec> <jats:title>Conclusion</jats:title> <jats:p>Despite the sales ban, some firework-associated acoustic traumas occurred at New Year 2021/2022 in Germany. Some instances led to hospitalization, but an even higher number of unreported cases can be assumed. This study can serve as a baseline for further annual surveys to raise the awareness of the danger of seemingly harmless fireworks for the individual.</jats:p> </jats:sec>
  • Description: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec>
    <jats:title>Background</jats:title>
    <jats:p>This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the frequency and type of firework-associated acoustic trauma occurring in Germany on New Year’s Eve 2021, despite the ban on firework sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic.</jats:p>
    </jats:sec><jats:sec>
    <jats:title>Materials and methods</jats:title>
    <jats:p>The survey period lasted 7 days, from 28 December 2021 to 03 January 2022. A questionnaire inquired date, type and treatment of trauma, sex, and age of the patient, and whether the trauma occurred when lighting or watching fireworks. Hearing impairment was classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO grades 0 to 4), and concomitant tinnitus, vertigo, or other injuries were recorded. The questionnaire was sent to the otorhinolaryngology departments of 171 hospitals in Germany.</jats:p>
    </jats:sec><jats:sec>
    <jats:title>Results</jats:title>
    <jats:p>Of 37 otorhinolaryngology departments, 16 reported no and 21 reported 50 patients with firework-associated acoustic trauma. Mean age was 29 ± 16 years and 41 of 50 patients were males. Of these 50 patients, 22 presented without and 28 with hearing loss, 32 reported tinnitus and 3 vertigo; 20 patients were injured when lighting fireworks and 30 when watching. Hearing impairment was classified as 14 × WHO grade 0, 5 × WHO grade 1, 4 × WHO grade 2, 2 × WHO grade 3, and 3 × WHO grade 4. Inpatient treatment was received by 8 patients and 11 suffered from concomitant burn injuries.</jats:p>
    </jats:sec><jats:sec>
    <jats:title>Conclusion</jats:title>
    <jats:p>Despite the sales ban, some firework-associated acoustic traumas occurred at New Year 2021/2022 in Germany. Some instances led to hospitalization, but an even higher number of unreported cases can be assumed. This study can serve as a baseline for further annual surveys to raise the awareness of the danger of seemingly harmless fireworks for the individual.</jats:p>
    </jats:sec>
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