• Media type: E-Article
  • Title: Global stability of road vehicle motion with driver control
  • Contributor: Mastinu, Gianpiero; Della Rossa, Fabio; Previati, Giorgio; Gobbi, Massimiliano; Fainello, Marco
  • imprint: Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2023
  • Published in: Nonlinear Dynamics
  • Language: English
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11071-023-08794-z
  • ISSN: 0924-090X; 1573-269X
  • Keywords: Electrical and Electronic Engineering ; Applied Mathematics ; Mechanical Engineering ; Ocean Engineering ; Aerospace Engineering ; Control and Systems Engineering
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  • Description: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The paper contributes to unveil how drivers—either human or not—may lose control of road vehicles after a disturbance. First, a simple vehicle-and-driver model is considered: Its motion is characterized by the existence of limit cycles whose amplitude depend on vehicle forward velocity (both oversteering and understeering vehicles may exibit this property). Such limit cycles are originated by a Hopf bifurcation occurring at a relatively high vehicle forward velocity. A mathematical proof of the existence of Hopf bifurcations is given. The existence of Hopf bifurcations and saddle limit cycles is confirmed by experimental tests performed by a dynamic driving simulator with a complex vehicle model and human in the loop. By a Zubov method, a Lyapunov function is derived to compute the region of asymptotic stability for the simple vehicle-and-driver model. A necessary and sufficient condition is derived for global asymptotic stability. Such a condition refers to the variation of the kinetic energy which must vanish at the end of the disturbed motion. This occurrence has been detected at the driving simulator too. Just a single stable equilibrium has been found inside the domain of attraction in all of the examined cases. </jats:p>