• Media type: E-Article
  • Title: Abstract 3319: Purified poloxamer 188 mitigates radiation-induced lung toxicity
  • Contributor: Dennis-Little, Sarah G.; Ngwa, Wilfred; Laiho, Marikki; Warren, Graham; Yost, Michael J.
  • imprint: American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), 2022
  • Published in: Cancer Research
  • Language: English
  • DOI: 10.1158/1538-7445.am2022-3319
  • ISSN: 1538-7445
  • Keywords: Cancer Research ; Oncology
  • Origination:
  • Footnote:
  • Description: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>The dose-limiting factor in radiation therapy (RT) is damage to healthy tissues, which presents as radiation-induced lung toxicity (RILT). Acute RILT, pneumonitis, is an early inflammatory-driven toxicity that develops within weeks to months following RT. Purified poloxamer 188 (PP188) is a triblock copolymer that associates with and protects cell membranes from oxidative insult, minimizing secondary inflammatory damage. This study aimed to investigate the effects of PP188 to mitigate the onset of acute radiation pneumonitis in a rat model of RILT, and to test the effect of PP188 on the efficacy of RT on tumor growth of a syngeneic CT26.WT murine colon carcinoma in Balb/c mice. To evaluate the efficacy of PP188 to mitigate RILT in healthy tissues, Sprague Dawley rats were given 200mg/kg PP188 or vehicle via IV 1hr prior to a single dose of partial volume (6mm) 20Gy X-irradiation to the right lung, and then were followed for 6 weeks. To validate PP188 treatment does not interfere with RT efficacy to reduce tumor volume, Balb/c mice were implanted with CT26.WT murine colon adenocarcinoma in the high axilla space, given 5Gy SARRP irradiation, and tumor volume was monitored. Rats were evaluated for histopathological changes indicative of acute RILT, including leakage of proteins into alveolar space, thickening of alveolar septa, and alteration of bronchial epithelium and capillaries; for presence of inflammatory infiltrate (Hanker-Yates Peroxidase Leukocyte kit); and for immunohistochemical expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA). Without PP188, significant inflammatory infiltrate was observed in all lungs bilaterally (p&amp;lt;0.001) contributing to significant bronchiole epithelium thickening (p&amp;lt;0.001) and alveolar septa thickening (p&amp;lt;0.001). Within the thickened alveoli there was significant SMA expression (p&amp;lt;0.001) indicative of cells undergoing a myofibroblast transition that was not observed in the PP188+RT animals or controls. Morphological assessment demonstrated that PP188 significantly attenuated pathological changes in the functional subunits of the lung, alveoli, as well as the vasculature including bronchiole epithelium and small capillaries, with no significant differences from control animals. Finally, it was shown that PP188 does not abrogate radiation-induced tumor volume reduction. The unique mechanism of PP188 provides radioprotection to healthy tissue without interfering with tumor control, and has the potential to mitigate radiation-induced toxicities in the majority of cancers treated with RT.</jats:p> <jats:p>Citation Format: Sarah G. Dennis-Little, Wilfred Ngwa, Marikki Laiho, Graham Warren, Michael J. Yost. Purified poloxamer 188 mitigates radiation-induced lung toxicity [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022; 2022 Apr 8-13. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(12_Suppl):Abstract nr 3319.</jats:p>
  • Access State: Open Access