• Media type: E-Article
  • Title: Basal Caspase Activity Promotes Migration and Invasiveness in Glioblastoma Cells
  • Contributor: Gdynia, Georg; Grund, Kerstin; Eckert, Anika; Böck, Barbara C.; Funke, Benjamin; Macher-Goeppinger, Stephan; Sieber, Sebastian; Herold-Mende, Christel; Wiestler, Benedict; Wiestler, Otmar D.; Roth, Wilfried
  • imprint: American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), 2007
  • Published in: Molecular Cancer Research
  • Language: English
  • DOI: 10.1158/1541-7786.mcr-07-0343
  • ISSN: 1541-7786; 1557-3125
  • Keywords: Cancer Research ; Oncology ; Molecular Biology
  • Origination:
  • Footnote:
  • Description: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>Glioblastomas, the most malignant of all brain tumors, are characterized by cellular resistance to apoptosis and a highly invasive growth pattern. These factors contribute to the poor response of glioblastomas to radiochemotherapy and prevent their complete neurosurgical resection. However, the driving force behind the distinct motility of glioma cells is only partly understood. Here, we report that in the absence of cellular stress and proapoptotic stimuli, human glioblastoma cells exhibit a constitutive activation of caspases in vivo and in vitro. The inhibition of caspases by various peptide inhibitors decreases the migration of cells in scrape motility assays and the invasiveness of cells in spheroid assays. Similarly, specific small interfering RNA– or antisense-mediated down-regulation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 results in an inhibition of the migratory potential of glioma cells. The constitutive caspase-dependent motility of glioblastoma cells is independent of CD95 activation and it is not mediated by mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase signaling. The basal caspase activity is accompanied by a constant cleavage of the motility-associated gelsolin protein, which may contribute to the caspase-mediated promotion of migration and invasiveness in glioblastoma cells. Our results suggest that the administration of low doses of caspase inhibitors that block glioma cell motility without affecting the execution of apoptotic cell death may be exploited as a novel strategy for the treatment of glioblastomas. (Mol Cancer Res 2007;5(12):1232–40)</jats:p>
  • Access State: Open Access