• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: Is reflectance confocal microscopy useful in the differential diagnosis of extra facial lentigo maligna? A retrospective multicentric case–control study
  • Beteiligte: Licata, Gaetano; Brancaccio, Gabriella; Ronchi, Andrea; Borsari, Stefania; Longo, Caterina; Piana, Simonetta; Cinotti, Elisa; Dragotto, Martina; Rubegni, Pietro; Argenziano, Giuseppe; Moscarella, Elvira
  • Erschienen: Wiley, 2023
  • Erschienen in: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • DOI: 10.1111/jdv.19379
  • ISSN: 0926-9959; 1468-3083
  • Schlagwörter: Infectious Diseases ; Dermatology
  • Entstehung:
  • Anmerkungen:
  • Beschreibung: <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:sec><jats:title>Background</jats:title><jats:p>Extra facial lentigo maligna (EF‐LM) arises outside the head and neck area. EF‐LM presents the classic histological features of lentigo maligna. The dermoscopic aspects of EF‐LM have been poorly studied.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Objective</jats:title><jats:p>The primary aims of our study were to analyse and describe the clinical, dermoscopic and confocal microscopy features of a series of histologically confirmed EF‐LM.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Method</jats:title><jats:p>We conducted a retrospective and multicentric study. From our database, we selected 48 cases of thin melanomas on photodamaged skin with histological features of EF‐LM of which clinical, dermoscopic and confocal microscopy images were available, and a control group of 45 lesions, that can be subjected to differential diagnosis such as solar lentigo, lichenoid keratosis, seborrheic keratosis and melanocytic nevi, of which dermoscopic and confocal microscope images were available.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>Extra facial lentigo maligna had a higher prevalence of lentigo‐like pigment patterns, angulated lines and zigzag structures. At confocal microscopy, LM‐EF cases showed a higher prevalence of pagetoid spreading, round cells, dendritic cells in the epidermis, atypical cells at the dermo‐epidermal junction, dendritic cells at the junction, meshwork pattern and elastosis. Our study shows that reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) has a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 97% for the differential diagnosis of this type of melanoma.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>Extra facial lentigo maligna does not have the classic dermoscopic features of superficial spreading melanoma, the most observed dermoscopic criteria are angulated lines and lentigo‐like pigment patterns without lentigo‐like border. RCM can be a valuable imaging tool for the evaluation of all those suspicion skin lesions at dermoscopy highlighting cellular atypia suggestive for melanoma.</jats:p></jats:sec>