• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: Influence of Human Cytomegalovirus Glycoprotein O Polymorphism on the Inhibitory Effect of Soluble Forms of Trimer- and Pentamer-Specific Entry Receptors
  • Beteiligte: Brait, Nadja; Stögerer, Tanja; Kalser, Julia; Adler, Barbara; Kunz, Ines; Benesch, Max; Kropff, Barbara; Mach, Michael; Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth; Görzer, Irene
  • Erschienen in: Journal of Virology
  • Erschienen: American Society for Microbiology, 2020
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • DOI: 10.1128/jvi.00107-20
  • ISSN: 0022-538X; 1098-5514
  • Schlagwörter: Virology ; Insect Science ; Immunology ; Microbiology
  • Zusammenfassung: <jats:p> Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is known for its broad cell tropism, as reflected by the different organs and tissues affected by HCMV infection. Hence, inhibition of HCMV entry into distinct cell types could be considered a promising therapeutic option to limit cell-free HCMV infection. Soluble forms of cellular entry receptor PDGFRα rather than those of entry receptor neuropilin-2 inhibit infection of multiple cell types. sPDGFRα specifically interacts with gO of the trimeric gH/gL/gO envelope glycoprotein complex. HCMV strains may differ with respect to the amounts of trimer in virions and the highly polymorphic gO sequence. In this study, we show that the major gO genotypes of HCMV that are also found <jats:italic>in vivo</jats:italic> are similarly well inhibited by sPDGFRα. Novel gO genotypic forms potentially emerging through recombination, however, may evade sPDGFRα inhibition on epithelial cells. These findings provide useful additional information for the future development of anti-HCMV therapeutic compounds based on sPDGFRα. </jats:p>
  • Beschreibung: <jats:p>
    Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is known for its broad cell tropism, as reflected by the different organs and tissues affected by HCMV infection. Hence, inhibition of HCMV entry into distinct cell types could be considered a promising therapeutic option to limit cell-free HCMV infection. Soluble forms of cellular entry receptor PDGFRα rather than those of entry receptor neuropilin-2 inhibit infection of multiple cell types. sPDGFRα specifically interacts with gO of the trimeric gH/gL/gO envelope glycoprotein complex. HCMV strains may differ with respect to the amounts of trimer in virions and the highly polymorphic gO sequence. In this study, we show that the major gO genotypes of HCMV that are also found
    <jats:italic>in vivo</jats:italic>
    are similarly well inhibited by sPDGFRα. Novel gO genotypic forms potentially emerging through recombination, however, may evade sPDGFRα inhibition on epithelial cells. These findings provide useful additional information for the future development of anti-HCMV therapeutic compounds based on sPDGFRα.
    </jats:p>
  • Anmerkungen:
  • Zugangsstatus: Freier Zugang