• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: Cardiovascular Risk in Myositis Patients Compared to the General Population: Preliminary Data From a Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study
  • Beteiligte: Oreska, Sabina; Storkanova, Hana; Kudlicka, Jaroslav; Tuka, Vladimir; Mikes, Ondrej; Krupickova, Zdislava; Satny, Martin; Chytilova, Eva; Kvasnicka, Jan; Spiritovic, Maja; Hermankova, Barbora; Cesak, Petr; Rybar, Marian; Pavelka, Karel; Senolt, Ladislav; Mann, Herman; Vencovsky, Jiri; Vrablik, Michal; Tomcik, Michal
  • Erschienen: Frontiers Media SA, 2022
  • Erschienen in: Frontiers in Medicine
  • Sprache: Nicht zu entscheiden
  • DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2022.861419
  • ISSN: 2296-858X
  • Schlagwörter: General Medicine
  • Entstehung:
  • Anmerkungen:
  • Beschreibung: <jats:sec><jats:title>Background</jats:title><jats:p>Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are associated with systemic inflammation, limited mobility, and glucocorticoid therapy, all of which can lead to metabolism disturbances, atherogenesis, and increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. The aim of this study was to assess the CV risk in IIM patients and healthy controls (HC), and its association with disease-specific features.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Methods</jats:title><jats:p>Thirty nine patients with IIM (32 females; mean age 56; mean disease duration 4.8 years; dermatomyositis: <jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 16, polymyositis: <jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 7, immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy: <jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 8, anti-synthetase syndrome: <jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 8) and 39 age-/sex-matched HC (32 females, mean age 56) without rheumatic diseases were included. In both groups, subjects with a history of CV disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular, and peripheral arterial vascular events) were excluded. Muscle involvement, disease activity, and tissue damage were evaluated (Manual Muscle Test-8, Myositis Intention to Treat Activity Index, Myositis Damage Index). Comorbidities and current treatment were recorded. All participants underwent examinations of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and body composition (by densitometry and bioelectric impedance). The risk of fatal CV events was evaluated by the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE, charts for the European population) and its modifications.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>Compared to HC, there was no significant difference in IIM patients regarding blood pressure, ABI, PWV, CIMT, and the risk of fatal CV events by SCORE or SCORE2, or subclinical atherosclerosis (CIMT, carotid plaques, ABI, and PWV). The calculated CV risk scores by SCORE, SCORE2, and SCORE multiplied by the coefficient 1.5 (mSCORE) were reclassified according to the results of carotid plaque presence and CIMT; however, none of them was demonstrated to be significantly more accurate. Other significant predictors of CV risk in IIM patients included age, disease duration and activity, systemic inflammation, lipid profile, lean body mass, and blood pressure.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>No significant differences in CV risk factors between our IIM patients and HC were observed. However, in IIM, CV risk was associated with age, disease duration, duration of glucocorticoid therapy, lipid profile, and body composition. None of the currently available scoring tools (SCORE, SCORE2, mSCORE) used in this study seems more accurate in estimating CV risk in IIM.</jats:p></jats:sec>
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