• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: A Model for Stokes Flow in Domains with Permeable Boundaries
  • Beteiligte: Cortez, Ricardo; Hernandez-Viera, Marian; Richfield, Owen
  • Quelle: Fluids ; 6 ( 2021 ) S. 381
  • Erschienen: MDPI AG, 2021
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • DOI: 10.3390/fluids6110381
  • ISSN: 2311-5521
  • Schlagwörter: Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes ; Mechanical Engineering ; Condensed Matter Physics
  • Zusammenfassung: <jats:p>We derive a new computational model for the simulation of viscous incompressible flows bounded by a thin, flexible, porous membrane. Our approach is grid-free and models the boundary forces with regularized Stokeslets. The flow across the porous membranes is modeled with regularized source doublets based on the notion that the flux velocity across the boundary can be viewed as the flow induced by a fluid source/sink pair with the sink on the high-pressure side of the boundary and magnitude proportional to the pressure difference across the membrane. Several validation examples are presented that illustrate how to calibrate the parameters in the model. We present an example consisting of flow in a closed domain that loses volume due to the fluid flux across the permeable boundary. We also present applications of the method to flow inside a channel of fixed geometry where sections of the boundary are permeable. The final example is a biological application of flow in a capillary with porous walls and a protein concentration advected and diffused in the fluid. In this case, the protein concentration modifies the pressure in the flow, producing dynamic changes to the flux across the walls. For this example, the proposed method is combined with finite differences for the concentration field.</jats:p>
  • Beschreibung: <jats:p>We derive a new computational model for the simulation of viscous incompressible flows bounded by a thin, flexible, porous membrane. Our approach is grid-free and models the boundary forces with regularized Stokeslets. The flow across the porous membranes is modeled with regularized source doublets based on the notion that the flux velocity across the boundary can be viewed as the flow induced by a fluid source/sink pair with the sink on the high-pressure side of the boundary and magnitude proportional to the pressure difference across the membrane. Several validation examples are presented that illustrate how to calibrate the parameters in the model. We present an example consisting of flow in a closed domain that loses volume due to the fluid flux across the permeable boundary. We also present applications of the method to flow inside a channel of fixed geometry where sections of the boundary are permeable. The final example is a biological application of flow in a capillary with porous walls and a protein concentration advected and diffused in the fluid. In this case, the protein concentration modifies the pressure in the flow, producing dynamic changes to the flux across the walls. For this example, the proposed method is combined with finite differences for the concentration field.</jats:p>