• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: Effects of Vitamin B2 Supplementation in Broilers Microbiota and Metabolome
  • Beteiligte: Biagi, Elena; Mengucci, Carlo; Barone, Monica; Picone, Gianfranco; Lucchi, Alex; Celi, Pietro; Litta, Gilberto; Candela, Marco; Manfreda, Gerardo; Brigidi, Patrizia; Capozzi, Francesco; De Cesare, Alessandra
  • Quelle: Microorganisms ; 8 ( 2020 ) S. 1134
  • Erschienen: MDPI AG, 2020
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8081134
  • ISSN: 2076-2607
  • Schlagwörter: Virology ; Microbiology (medical) ; Microbiology
  • Zusammenfassung: <jats:p>The study of the microbiome in broiler chickens holds great promise for the development of strategies for health maintenance and performance improvement. Nutritional strategies aimed at modulating the microbiota—host relationship can improve chickens’ immunological status and metabolic fitness. Here, we present the results of a pilot trial aimed at analyzing the effects of a nutritional strategy involving vitamin B2 supplementation on the ileum, caeca and litter microbiota of Ross 308 broilers, as well as on the metabolic profile of the caecal content. Three groups of chickens were administered control diets and diets supplemented with two different dosages of vitamin B2. Ileum, caeca, and litter samples were obtained from subgroups of birds at three time points along the productive cycle. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA V3–V4 region and NMR metabolomics were used to explore microbiota composition and the concentration of metabolites of interest, including short-chain fatty acids. Vitamin B2 supplementation significantly modulated caeca microbiota, with the highest dosage being more effective in increasing the abundance of health-promoting bacterial groups, including Bifidobacterium, resulting in boosted production of butyrate, a well-known health-promoting metabolite, in the caeca environment.</jats:p>
  • Beschreibung: <jats:p>The study of the microbiome in broiler chickens holds great promise for the development of strategies for health maintenance and performance improvement. Nutritional strategies aimed at modulating the microbiota—host relationship can improve chickens’ immunological status and metabolic fitness. Here, we present the results of a pilot trial aimed at analyzing the effects of a nutritional strategy involving vitamin B2 supplementation on the ileum, caeca and litter microbiota of Ross 308 broilers, as well as on the metabolic profile of the caecal content. Three groups of chickens were administered control diets and diets supplemented with two different dosages of vitamin B2. Ileum, caeca, and litter samples were obtained from subgroups of birds at three time points along the productive cycle. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA V3–V4 region and NMR metabolomics were used to explore microbiota composition and the concentration of metabolites of interest, including short-chain fatty acids. Vitamin B2 supplementation significantly modulated caeca microbiota, with the highest dosage being more effective in increasing the abundance of health-promoting bacterial groups, including Bifidobacterium, resulting in boosted production of butyrate, a well-known health-promoting metabolite, in the caeca environment.</jats:p>
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