• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: Single Donor FMT Reverses Microbial/Immune Dysbiosis and Induces Clinical Remission in a Rat Model of Acute Colitis
  • Beteiligte: Adamkova, Petra; Hradicka, Petra; Gancarcikova, Sona; Kassayova, Monika; Ambro, Lubos; Bertkova, Izabela; Maronek, Martin; Farkasova Iannaccone, Silvia; Demeckova, Vlasta
  • Erschienen: MDPI AG, 2021
  • Erschienen in: Pathogens
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10020152
  • ISSN: 2076-0817
  • Schlagwörter: Infectious Diseases ; Microbiology (medical) ; General Immunology and Microbiology ; Molecular Biology ; Immunology and Allergy
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  • Beschreibung: <jats:p>Deviation in the gut microbial composition is involved in various pathologies, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) can act as a promising approach to treat IBD by which changes in microbiome can be reversed and homeostasis restored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FMT on the remission of acute inflammatory response using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced rat colitis model. Faecal microbial communities were analysed using the 16S rRNA approach, and clinical manifestations together with histological/haematological/biochemical/immunological analyses were assessed. Our study demonstrated significant shifts in the dominant species of microbiota under inflammatory conditions induced by DSS and evident restoration effect of FMT treatment on microbial composition. These faecal microbial alterations in FMT-treated rats led to a relative restoration of colon length, and a significant decrease in both epithelium damage and disease severity, which was reflected in lower serum pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. Haematological/biochemical parameters in DSS-treated animals showed signs of anaemia with a significant reduction in red blood cell count together with increasing levels of total bilirubin, creatinine and phosphorus suggesting potential protective effect of FMT. These results support FMT as a valuable therapeutic strategy to control inflammation during acute colitis.</jats:p>
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