• Medientyp: E-Artikel
  • Titel: IL-2 and IL-15 Receptor α-Subunits Are Coexpressed in a Supramolecular Receptor Cluster in Lipid Rafts of T Cells
  • Beteiligte: Vámosi, György; Bodnár, Andrea; Vereb, György; Jenei, Attila; Goldman, Carolyn K.; Langowski, Jörg; Tóth, Katalin; Mátyus, László; Szöllősi, János; Waldmann, Thomas A.; Damjanovich, Sándor
  • Erschienen: National Academy of Sciences, 2004
  • Erschienen in: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • Sprache: Englisch
  • ISSN: 0027-8424
  • Schlagwörter: Biological Sciences
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  • Beschreibung: <p> The private α-chains of IL-2 and IL-15 receptors (IL-2R and IL-15R) share the signaling β- and γ<sub>c</sub>-subunits, resulting in both common and contrasting roles of IL-2 and IL-15 in T cell function. Knowledge of the cytokine-dependent subunit assembly is indispensable for understanding the paradox of distinct signaling capacities. By using fluorescence resonance energy transfer and confocal microscopy, we have shown that IL-2Rα, IL-15Rα, IL-2/15Rβ and γ<sub>c</sub>-subunits, as well as MHC class I and II glycoproteins formed supramolecular receptor clusters in lipid rafts of the T lymphoma line Kit 225 FT7. 10. Fluorescence crosscorrelation microscopy demonstrated the comobility of IL-15Rα with IL-2Rα and MHC class I. A model was generated for subunit switching between IL-2Rα and IL-15Rα upon the binding of the appropriate cytokine resulting in the formation of high-affinity heterotrimeric receptors. This model suggests a direct role for the α-subunits, to which no definite function has been assigned so far, in tuning cellular responses to IL-2 or IL-15. In addition, both α-chains were at least partially homodimerized/oligomerized, which could be the basis of distinct signaling pathways by the two cytokines. </p>
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